Thiruvananthapuram, also known as Trivandrum, is the capital city of the state of Kerala in India.
Geographically, Thiruvananthapuram is located on the southwest coast of India, on the Arabian Sea. The city covers an area of approximately 214 square kilometres and has a population of over 3 million people.
The climate in Thiruvananthapuram is tropical, with high temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. The monsoon season lasts from June to September, bringing heavy rainfall to the city.
Thiruvananthapuram has a rich cultural heritage, with a history dating back several centuries. The city was a major centre of the ancient kingdom of Travancore, and has a number of historic landmarks and monuments. The city has also been influenced by various colonial powers over the years, including the Portuguese, Dutch, and British.
Politically, Thiruvananthapuram is an important centre of power in the state of Kerala. The city is home to the state government, as well as a number of important institutions and organisations.
Traditional occupations in Thiruvananthapuram include agriculture and fishing, while present-day occupations include technology, healthcare, and tourism. The city is home to a number of major IT companies and has a growing healthcare industry.
The main belief systems in Thiruvananthapuram are Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity, and the city has a long tradition of religious harmony and tolerance.
The main source of income for the people of Thiruvananthapuram is tourism, followed by technology, healthcare, and agriculture. The city has a rich tradition of art and culture, with several important art forms, including Kathakali and Mohiniyattam, originating from the region.
Development activities in Thiruvananthapuram include a range of infrastructure projects aimed at improving the city’s transportation, housing, and public services. The sex ratio in the city is around 959 females per 1000 males.
The education system in Thiruvananthapuram is well-developed, with a range of schools and colleges providing quality education to its residents. The city is home to several prestigious institutions, including the University of Kerala.
The healthcare system in Thiruvananthapuram is also well-developed, with a range of public and private hospitals providing quality healthcare to its residents. The life expectancy in the city is around 74 years, which is higher than the national average in India.
Thiruvananthapuram is located close to the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu and has a range of major tourism destinations, including beaches, historic landmarks, and cultural attractions. The city is a major hub for tourism in the state of Kerala, with thousands of visitors coming to the city every year.
The people of Thiruvananthapuram are known for their hospitality and warmth, and the city has a vibrant and active nightlife scene. The city has a well-developed infrastructure, with a network of roads, railways, and airports connecting it to other parts of India and the world. Popular tourist places in Trivandrum are :
Experience the Peaceful Beauty of Ponmudi Hill Top
Ponmudi is a scenic hill station located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India. The hill station is located at an altitude of 1,100 metres above sea level and is a popular tourist destination for those seeking to escape the heat and enjoy the lush greenery and panoramic views.
The journey to Ponmudi is an adventure in itself, with winding roads and hairpin turns leading to the hilltop. The road to Ponmudi passes through dense forests, tea plantations, and scenic waterfalls, providing visitors with a glimpse of the natural beauty of the region.
Once at the top, visitors are greeted with breathtaking views of the surrounding hills and valleys, and a pleasant climate that is a welcome respite from the heat of the plains. The hill station is also home to a variety of flora and fauna, including rare species of butterflies, birds, and orchids.
Ponmudi is also known for its trekking trails, which offer visitors the opportunity to explore the hill station and its surroundings on foot. There are several well-marked trails of varying difficulty levels, making it accessible to both amateur and experienced trekkers.
The hill station is also home to a number of tourist attractions, including the Golden Valley, which is a scenic spot with a small stream and waterfall, and the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, which is home to several species of animals and birds, including elephants, leopards, and tigers.
Overall, Ponmudi is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. The stunning natural beauty, pleasant climate, and trekking trails make it an ideal destination for those seeking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse themselves in the tranquillity of nature
The Mystique of Padmanabhaswamy Temple
Padmanabhaswamy Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of the southern Indian state of Kerala. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, one of the principal deities of Hinduism. The temple is known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and legendary wealth.
The temple is believed to have been built in the 8th century by the rulers of the Kingdom of Travancore, and has since undergone several renovations and additions over the years. The temple is a fine example of traditional South Indian temple architecture, with intricate carvings and stunning artwork.
The temple is renowned for its incredible wealth, and is considered one of the wealthiest temples in the world. The temple’s wealth came to light in 2011, when a team of experts discovered a vast collection of gold, silver, and precious gems hidden in the temple’s vaults. The total value of the treasure is estimated to be in the billions of dollars, making it one of the richest places of worship in the world.
The temple is also famous for its unique deity, the Padmanabhaswamy, a form of Lord Vishnu depicted reclining on the serpent Ananta. The deity is made entirely of stone and is over 18 feet long. The temple is also known for its strict dress code, which requires visitors to dress modestly and not wear pants, shorts, or shirts with sleeves.
The temple attracts thousands of visitors every year, both from within India and from around the world. The temple is also an important pilgrimage site for Hindus, and is considered one of the 108 Divya Desams, or holy abodes of Lord Vishnu. The temple is managed by a trust appointed by the Kerala government, and is subject to strict regulations to ensure the safety and preservation of its treasures.
Overall, Padmanabhaswamy Temple is a fascinating and awe-inspiring place, a testament to the rich cultural heritage and deep spirituality of India. Its incredible wealth, stunning architecture, and unique deity make it one of the most remarkable temples in the world, and a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history, religion, or art.
Varkala is a popular coastal town located in the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala, a southern state in India. The town is known for its beautiful beaches, cliffside views, and spiritual significance, making it a popular tourist destination.
One of the main attractions of Varkala is the Varkala Beach, which is a long stretch of golden sand dotted with coconut trees and clear blue waters of the Arabian Sea. The beach is a popular spot for sunbathing, swimming, and surfing, and is also known for its mineral springs, which are believed to have therapeutic properties.
Discover the Beauty and Serenity of Kovalam
Kovalam is a popular beach town located in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is situated about 16 km from the city centre and is known for its picturesque beaches, serene backwaters, and lush greenery.
Kovalam has three main beaches, namely Lighthouse Beach, Hawa Beach, and Samudra Beach. These beaches are known for their soft golden sand, clear blue waters, and breathtaking views of the Arabian Sea. Lighthouse Beach, as the name suggests, is home to a towering lighthouse that offers stunning panoramic views of the coastline. Hawa Beach is known for its gentle waves and is a popular spot for swimming, sunbathing, and surfing. Samudra Beach, located to the north of the town, is a quieter and less crowded beach that is perfect for a peaceful stroll or a relaxing dip in the sea.
Apart from its beaches, Kovalam is also known for its backwaters, which are a network of interconnected lagoons, lakes, and canals that run parallel to the Arabian Sea. Visitors can take a leisurely boat ride through the backwaters, enjoying the serene and tranquil surroundings and observing the local flora and fauna.
In recent years, Kovalam has emerged as a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from across India and around the world. The town has a range of accommodation options, from luxury resorts to budget guesthouses, and is well-connected to the rest of the state by road and rail. Kovalam is also easily accessible by air, with the Thiruvananthapuram International Airport located just a short drive away.
Kovalam is also known for its seafood, which is caught fresh daily by local fishermen. The town has several restaurants and eateries that specialise in seafood, and visitors can enjoy a variety of local delicacies such as fish curry, prawn fry, and squid masala.
Overall, Kovalam is a stunning and serene destination that offers visitors a unique blend of sun, sand, sea, and backwaters. Its natural beauty, rich culture, and delicious cuisine make it a must-visit destination for anyone travelling to Kerala.
Shanghumugham Beach and Veli tourist village
Shanghumugham Beach and Veli Tourist Village are two popular tourist destinations located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India.
Shanghumugham Beach is a beautiful and tranquil beach located just 8 kilometres from the city centre. The beach is known for its golden sands, clear waters, and breathtaking views of the Arabian Sea. The beach is a popular spot for locals and tourists alike to enjoy a relaxing day in the sun, take a swim, or go for a leisurely walk along the shore. The beach also has a sculpture park featuring various art pieces by local artists, making it a perfect blend of nature and art.
Veli Tourist Village is located near the Shanghumugham Beach, and is a popular destination for families and adventure enthusiasts. The tourist village is situated at the confluence of the Veli Lake and the Arabian Sea, offering visitors a unique experience of being surrounded by water on three sides. The village offers various activities like boating, pedal boats, speed boats, and even kayaking.
One of the main attractions of Veli Tourist Village is the floating bridge, which connects the village to Shankumugham Beach. The bridge is made of wood and floats on the water, offering visitors a unique experience of walking on water. The village also has a beautiful park with well-manicured lawns and gardens, which is an ideal location for picnics and family outings.
The village also has a children’s park, which offers various activities like slides, swings, and other games for children. The park also has a mini zoo with various animals like rabbits, guinea pigs, and birds. The village also has several food stalls serving local delicacies, making it a perfect place to indulge in some delicious street food.
Overall, Shanghumugham Beach and Veli Tourist Village are two must-visit destinations for anyone visiting Thiruvananthapuram. The combination of nature, adventure, and fun activities make it an ideal destination for families, couples, and solo travellers alike.
Napier Museum and Sri Chitra Art Gallery
The Napier Museum is an architectural gem built in the 19th century and named after Lord Napier, the governor of Madras from 1866-72. It is designed in the Indo-Saracenic style, which blends elements of Indian, Islamic, and European architecture. The museum houses a vast collection of historical and cultural artifacts from Kerala, as well as from other parts of India and abroad. Visitors can explore the various galleries that showcase a range of exhibits, including ancient ornaments, ivory carvings, bronze sculptures, temple chariots, and traditional musical instruments. The museum also features a large collection of masks and puppets, which are used in traditional dance and drama performances in Kerala.
The Napier Museum and Sri Chitra Art Gallery are two of the most popular tourist attractions in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India.
The Sri Chitra Art Gallery is located adjacent to the Napier Museum and is known for its impressive collection of paintings, sculptures, and other art forms. The gallery houses works of renowned Indian artists like Raja Ravi Varma, Nicholas Roerich, and Jamini Roy, as well as a vast collection of traditional Indian art, including murals, Tanjore paintings, and miniature paintings from different parts of India. The gallery also has an excellent collection of contemporary art, showcasing works by modern Indian artists.
Together, the Napier Museum and Sri Chitra Art Gallery offer visitors a unique opportunity to experience the rich cultural heritage of Kerala and India as a whole. The exhibits in the museum and the art gallery provide an insight into the history, art, and traditions of the region, making it a must-visit destination for art lovers, history enthusiasts, and tourists alike.
The Magnificent Chenkal Maha Sivalingam: A Sacred Site of Worship in Kerala
The Chenkal Maha Sivalingam is a revered Hindu temple located in the Chenkal village of Thiruvananthapuram district in Kerala, southern India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is believed to be one of the oldest Shiva temples in the region, with a history dating back over 2000 years.
The main deity in the temple is the Maha Sivalingam, which is said to be one of the largest Shiva lingams in the state of Kerala. The lingam is made of black stone and is said to be self-manifested, meaning it was not created by any human hand.
The temple is known for its beautiful architecture, intricate carvings, and rich history. The entrance to the temple is adorned with carvings of various Hindu deities, and the main shrine is a spacious hall with beautiful pillars and intricate carvings on the walls.
The temple hosts several important festivals throughout the year, including the Mahashivaratri festival, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm by devotees from all over the region. During the festival, the temple is decorated with lights and flowers, and special poojas (prayers) are conducted to honour Lord Shiva.
One of the unique features of the Chenkal Maha Sivalingam temple is the holy pond located within the temple premises. The pond is believed to have healing powers and is used for ritual bathing by devotees.
Overall, the Chenkal Maha Sivalingam temple is a must-visit destination for those interested in Hindu mythology and ancient history. The temple’s rich history, beautiful architecture, and spiritual significance make it an ideal location for spiritual seekers and those interested in learning more about Hindu
The Chengal Mahasiva Temple in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, is home to the tallest Sivalingam in the world, which has entered the Guinness Book of World Records. The Sivalingam stands at an impressive height of 111.2 feet (33.9 metres) and is made of concrete and stone.
The construction of the Sivalingam was initiated in 2007 and it took six years to complete. The structure was designed by a team of architects and engineers, and the project was funded by the Chengal Mahasiva Temple Trust.
The Sivalingam is a representation of Lord Shiva, who is one of the primary deities in the Hindu pantheon. The Sivalingam is a phallic symbol, representing the energy and creative force of the universe. The Chengal Mahasiva Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and attracts devotees from all over the region.
The Sivalingam is surrounded by a large circular structure, which serves as a pradakshina path (circumambulation path). The structure is decorated with intricate carvings and statues of various Hindu deities.
The construction of the Sivalingam was a challenging task, as it required the use of heavy machinery and specialised techniques to build such a tall structure. The temple trust took great care to ensure that the construction was done in a safe and sustainable manner, and that the temple’s surrounding environment was not affected.
The Chengal Maha Siva Temple and the tallest Sivalingam have become a major tourist attraction in the region, attracting visitors from all over the world. The temple also serves as a centre for spiritual and cultural activities, hosting various festivals and events throughout the year.
Overall, the Chengal Maha Siva Temple and the tallest Sivalingam stand as a symbol of Hindu culture and tradition, and serve as a testament to human creativity and engineering skills. The temple and its magnificent structure are a must-visit destination for those interested in Hindu mythology and ancient history, as well as those interested in architecture and engineering marvels.
Neyyar Dam: A Calm Reservoir Surrounded by Glorious Greenery
The Neyyar Dam is a popular tourist destination located near Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India. The dam is built across the Neyyar River and is surrounded by lush green forests and rolling hills, making it a picturesque location for visitors to enjoy.
One of the main attractions at Neyyar Dam is the boating experience. Visitors can take a boat ride across the reservoir, which offers breathtaking views of the surrounding hills and forests. The boat ride is a peaceful and serene experience, as visitors can relax and take in the natural beauty of the region.
The dam is also home to a wildlife sanctuary, which is home to a variety of animals, including elephants, tigers, leopards, and deer. Visitors can take a safari through the sanctuary, which provides an opportunity to see these animals in their natural habitat. The sanctuary also has a crocodile farm, which is a unique attraction for visitors.
The Neyyar Dam also offers opportunities for adventure enthusiasts. The dam is a popular spot for trekking, with several trails leading to the hills and forests surrounding the dam. The region also offers opportunities for rock climbing and rappelling, which are popular activities for thrill-seekers.
The Neyyar Dam is also home to the Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Dhanwantari Ashram, which is a popular destination for those interested in yoga and meditation. The ashram offers yoga classes and retreats, providing a peaceful and serene environment for visitors to relax and rejuvenate.
Overall, the Neyyar Dam is a must-visit destination for those looking for a peaceful and serene environment to escape the hustle and bustle of city life. The region’s natural beauty, wildlife sanctuary, and adventure activities make it an ideal location for nature lovers, families, and adventure enthusiasts alike.
Kottoor Elephant Camp
The Kottoor Elephant Camp is a unique tourist attraction located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India. The camp is situated in the picturesque forest region of Kottor, which is located about 20 kilometres from the city.
The camp is home to several domesticated elephants, which are well-trained and cared for by the mahouts, or elephant handlers. Visitors to the camp can observe the elephants as they go about their daily routine, feeding, bathing, and playing in the nearby river. The mahouts provide insight into the lives of these magnificent animals, sharing their knowledge and experience with the visitors.
One of the highlights of the Kottoor Elephant Camp is the elephant ride, which is a popular attraction for visitors. The rides take visitors through the forest trails, providing a unique perspective on the region’s natural beauty. The elephant rides are a memorable experience, as visitors can interact with these gentle giants up close and personal.
The Kottoor Elephant Camp also offers visitors the opportunity to participate in various activities like feeding the elephants, bathing them in the river, and watching them play. The camp is a great place for families with kids, as children can learn about the elephants’ behaviour and get up close and personal with these majestic creatures.
Overall, the Kottoor Elephant Camp is a must-visit destination for those interested in wildlife and nature. The camp offers a unique opportunity to experience the region’s rich biodiversity, while also providing a chance to interact with these gentle giants. The camp is an ideal place for nature lovers, families, and adventure enthusiasts alike.
Discover the Royal Heritage of Kuthiramalika Palace Museum
Kuthiramalika Palace Museum is a historical museum located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of the southern Indian state of Kerala. The museum is situated within the Kuthiramalika Palace, a magnificent 19th-century palace that was built by Maharaja Swathi Thirunal Balarama Varma, a ruler of the erstwhile Kingdom of Travancore.
The Kuthiramalika Palace is a fine example of traditional Kerala architecture and features exquisite carvings, wooden pillars, and intricate artwork. The museum is home to an impressive collection of artefacts, paintings, and other objects that showcase the rich cultural heritage of Kerala. Some of the highlights of the museum include the personal belongings of the royal family, including musical instruments, weapons, and jewellery.
Visitors to the Kuthiramalika Palace Museum can take a guided tour of the palace and explore the various rooms and chambers, including the royal throne room, the council chamber, and the bedroom of the king. The museum also features a gallery dedicated to the celebrated poet and musician, Maharaja Swathi Thirunal, who was a patron of the arts and a great composer in his own right.
Overall, the Kuthiramalika Palace Museum is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the rich history and culture of Kerala. It offers a unique glimpse into the lives of the royal family and the legacy of one of Kerala’s most celebrated rulers
Discover the Serene Beauty of Poovar Island
Poovar Island and Estuary is a picturesque tourist destination located near Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in southern India. The region is a pristine natural paradise, blessed with scenic beauty and abundant wildlife.
Poovar Island is a small island located at the mouth of the Neyyar River and is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on three sides. The island is known for its serene beaches, mangrove forests, and backwaters. Visitors can take a leisurely boat ride through the backwaters and experience the region’s natural beauty. The island is also home to a fishing village, which provides an insight into the lives of the local community. The region is a haven for bird watchers, with a variety of local and migratory birds to be spotted.
The estuary of the Neyyar River is a unique ecosystem, where the river meets the sea. The estuary is a popular destination for boating, fishing, and bird watching. The region is home to a diverse array of marine life, including dolphins, crabs, and turtles. The mangrove forests that line the riverbanks are a unique feature of the estuary, providing a habitat for a variety of flora and fauna.
Overall, Poovar Island and Estuary is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and those looking for a tranquil retreat from the hustle and bustle of city life. The region’s natural beauty and rich ecosystem provide a unique opportunity to experience the wonders of the natural world.